Do Betta Fish Change Color? How to Improve Coloration?

Betta fish enthusiasts often prioritize coloration when selecting fish for their aquariums. The vibrant hues and patterns of bettas are some of the reasons why they are also called Siamese fighting fish.

However, some factors may cause bettas to lose their colors, such as stress, illness, or poor water conditions. To help bettas maintain their color, feeding them a balanced and nutritious diet is crucial, as exposing them to appropriate lighting conditions and regularly performing water changes to provide a clean living environment.

Here, I will delve deep into Betta fish coloration and explore whether they can change color, why they may change color, and how you can improve their coloration.

Are Betta Fish Known to Change Their Color?

Betta fish are known to change their color to some extent. The color change in Betta fish can occur due to several factors, including genetics, age, health, mood, and environment. Here are a few reasons why Betta fish may exhibit color changes:


Betta fish have various color genes, and their offspring can inherit different color traits from their parents. As Betta fish mature, their colors may intensify, fade, or change slightly.


As Betta fish age, their colors can naturally fade or become more vibrant. Older Betta fish may develop a deeper hue or display different color patterns compared to when they were younger.


Betta fish in good health tend to display vibrant colors. However, stress, illness, or poor water conditions can cause color loss or a temporary change in color. Once the fish recovers and the conditions improve their original coloration may return.

Mood and environment

Betta fish can exhibit color changes in response to their mood or environment. For example, a Betta fish might darken its colors when it feels threatened or displays more intense colors when it’s courting or showing aggression.

Recognizing The Different Colors Of Betta Fish

Betta fish come in an array of vibrant colors. The five basic colors include red, blue, yellow, orange, and white. These colors can be seen in different patterns, such as solid, bi-color, and marble.

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Certain colors may fade or intensify due to factors such as diet, lighting, and stress levels. It’s essential to recognize abnormal coloration, which can indicate illness or stress in your betta fish.

Improving coloration can be done by providing high-quality food, proper tank conditions, and minimizing stress. By paying attention to your betta fish’s color, you can ensure they stay healthy and happy.

How Can I Improve the Coloration of My Betta Fish?

If you are wondering about common reasons betta fish turn white, there are a few factors to consider. Poor water quality, stress, illness, or aging can cause fading or loss of color in betta fish. To improve their coloration, ensure a clean and well-maintained tank environment, reduce stressors, and provide a balanced diet with adequate nutrition.

How Can You Improve Betta Fish Coloration?

Betta fish are admired for their vibrant and striking colors. If you want to enhance and maintain your Betta fish’s natural beauty, you can take several steps. Here are some effective methods to improve Betta fish coloration:

Choosing The Right Diet

A balanced and nutrient-rich diet is essential for vibrant coloration in Betta fish. Opt for high-quality Betta fish pellets or flakes that contain a high percentage of protein.

Additionally, consider supplementing their diet with freeze-dried or frozen foods such as bloodworms, brine shrimp, or daphnia. These live or frozen foods can provide additional nutrients and help intensify the colors of your Betta fish.

Maintaining Optimal Water Quality

Clean and pristine water conditions are vital for Betta fish’s overall health and coloration. Regularly perform water changes and maintain appropriate water parameters such as pH, temperature, and ammonia levels.

Use a water conditioner to remove harmful chemicals and ensure a suitable environment for your Betta fish to thrive.

Providing Adequate Lighting

Proper lighting can positively impact Betta fish coloration. Ensure your aquarium has suitable lighting that mimics its natural habitat. Consider using full-spectrum LED lights or aquarium-specific lights that provide a balanced spectrum of light. Avoid excessive or harsh lighting, which can cause stress or algae growth.

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Using Color-Enhancing Products

There are specialized color-enhancing products available in the market that can help intensify and highlight the natural colors of Betta fish. These products often contain ingredients like carotenoids and spirulina, which can enhance the red, orange, and blue pigments. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions and use these products sparingly to avoid over-supplementation.

Preventing Stress

Stress can dull the colors of Betta fish. Minimize stress by providing a suitable and comfortable environment. Avoid overcrowding the tank, maintain stable water conditions, and provide hiding spots and suitable decorations.

Limit sudden changes in lighting, temperature, or water parameters, as these can cause stress. Additionally, handle the fish gently and avoid aggressive tank mates that may cause undue stress.

Avoiding Illness

Healthy Betta fish are more likely to display vibrant colors. Maintain a clean and well-maintained aquarium to minimize the risk of illness. Follow proper tank maintenance routines, regularly test water quality, and address any issues promptly.

Quarantine new fish before introducing them to the main tank to prevent the spread of diseases.


Betta fish are one of the most beautiful and popular aquarium fish which can change color over time. While this natural phenomenon occurs due to genetics, age, stress, and diet, it can be improved by providing the fish with a clean environment, nutritious food, and appropriate tank size.

Maintaining the ideal water parameters, avoiding overfeeding, and adding live plants and natural decor can also enhance their coloration. Remember that each betta fish is unique, and their color changes can vary. However, if you notice any drastic color loss or change, it could be a sign of an underlying health issue, and it’s best to consult a veterinarian.

Ultimately, providing your betta fish with the proper care and attention they require can lead to a more vibrant and colorful aquarium display that everyone can admire.

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