Easy Betta Fish Plants For Beginners: A Complete Guide

As a beginner fish enthusiast, I understand the excitement and thrill that comes with setting up a betta fish tank. One crucial aspect of creating a thriving habitat for these vibrant creatures is selecting the right plants.

If you’re new to betta fish keeping and unsure where to start, you’re in the right place. Betta fish plants are aesthetically pleasing and serve as a natural source of oxygen and a hiding place for your fish. However, selecting the right plants can be overwhelming, especially if you are a newbie aquarist.

In this complete guide, I’ll walk you through some easy-to-maintain betta fish plants that are perfect for beginners. With these plants, you can create a beautiful and natural environment for your betta while promoting their health and well-being. Let’s dive in and discover the perfect aquatic greenery for your betta fish tank.

Different Types Of Plants Suitable For Betta Fish Tanks

When selecting plants for a Betta fish tank, it’s important to choose varieties that are easy to care for and can thrive in an aquatic environment. Here are some types of plants that are suitable for Betta fish tanks and relatively low-maintenance:

Java Fern

This plant is known for its hardiness and can tolerate a wide range of water conditions. It has beautiful, broad leaves that provide hiding spots for Betta fish.


Anubias is another hardy plant that does well in Betta fish tanks. It has thick, dark green leaves that offer shelter for the fish. It’s important to avoid burying the rhizome when planting Anubias; instead, attach it to a rock or driftwood.

Marimo Moss Ball

Marimo Moss Balls are easy to care for and provide a natural look to the aquarium. They require minimal lighting and can help maintain water quality by absorbing nitrates.

Amazon Sword

It is a popular plant in aquariums due to its attractive appearance. It has long, sword-like leaves that provide shade and hiding places for Betta fish. This plant requires moderate lighting and nutrient-rich substrate.

Water Wisteria

This type of plant is a fast-growing plant that can quickly fill up space in the tank. It has feathery, light green leaves and can tolerate a wide range of water conditions. It’s a great option if you want to create a dense, jungle-like look in the aquarium.

Java Moss

Java Moss is a versatile plant that can be attached to rocks, driftwood, or left to float freely in the water. It requires low to moderate lighting and provides a natural hiding place for Betta fish.

How to Choose the Right Plants for Your Betta Fish Tank

There are several factors to consider to ensure that the plants are suitable for your aquarium setup and the needs of your Betta fish. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you choose the right plants:

Research the Needs of Betta Fish

Before selecting plants, familiarize yourself with the specific requirements of Betta fish. They prefer calm water with minimal water flow and thrive in temperatures between 76°F and 82°F (24°C and 28°C). Consider these factors when choosing plants that can coexist with your Betta fish.

Determine the Lighting Requirements

Different plant species have varying lighting needs. Some plants require high-intensity lighting, while others can thrive in low to moderate lighting conditions. Assess the lighting setup of your tank and choose plants that can thrive under the available lighting.

Consider the Tank size and Available Space

Take into account the size of your Betta fish tank and the available space for plants. Some plants, like Amazon Sword or Water Wisteria, can grow quite large and may overpower a small tank. Choose plants that will fit well within the tank and leave enough swimming space for your Betta fish.

Evaluate the Care Requirements

If you prefer low-maintenance plants, select species that are known to be hardy and easy to care for. Avoid plants that require extensive fertilization, CO2 supplementation, or complex care routines unless you are willing to provide the necessary maintenance.

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Balance the Plant Selection

Aim for a balanced combination of foreground, midground, and background plants to create an aesthetically pleasing tank. Foreground plants are generally shorter and positioned at the front of the tank, midground plants are medium-sized and placed in the middle, while background plants are taller and positioned towards the rear of the tank.

Consider the Purpose of the Plants

Determine the role you want the plants to play in your aquarium. Some plants provide hiding spots and shelter for your Betta fish, while others contribute to water quality by absorbing excess nutrients and reducing algae growth. Choose plants that align with your goals and enhance the overall well-being of your Betta fish.

Compatibility with Betta Fish

Ensure that the plants you choose are safe and compatible with Betta fish. Avoid sharp or rough-edged plants that can damage the delicate fins of the Betta. Also, some Betta fish may nibble on certain types of plants, so observe their behavior and remove any plants that seem to be causing harm.

Setting Up Your Betta Fish Tank With Plants

Setting up your betta fish tank with plants is a fantastic way to enhance your fish’s living conditions while creating a visually stunning centerpiece for your home.

Steps to Prepare the Tank for Planting

Before diving into the process of setting up a betta fish tank with plants, there are a few essential steps to follow:

  • Clean the tank: In the first step, clean the tank and ensure that there are no chemicals or soap residue left from the cleaning process. Rinse everything thoroughly.
  • Add substrate: The substrate is the material that goes into the bottom of the tank and provides a base for the plants. Choose an appropriate substrate that is suitable for betta fish, like gravel or sand.
  • Install a filter: Filters are necessary to ensure that the water stays clean. Betta fish are sensitive to dirty or stagnant water. Depending on the size of your tank, select a filter that can handle the volume of water in the tank.
  • Install a heater: Betta fish thrive in a temperature range of 76°f to 82°f. So, temperature regulation is crucial for their health and well-being. Invest in an adjustable heater to maintain the perfect temperature for your fish.

Planting Process

Once you have completed the above steps, it’s time to add the plants to your betta fish tank.

  • Choose your plants: Betta fish prefer tanks with live plants over plastic decorations. While choosing your plants, make sure you select ones that will thrive in the conditions created by your betta fish tank’s lighting and temperature.
  • Wash the plants: Before planting, rinse the plants to remove any dead or rotting debris.
  • Add the plants: Carefully place the plants in the substrate, and make sure the roots are fully submerged into the substrate.
  • Fill the tank with water: Fill your betta fish tank with suitable water. Use a liquid aquarium tester kit to check and maintain the water’s pH level, hardness, and nitrate level.
  • Turn on the filter and heater: Once the water is in the tank, it’s time to start the filter and heater. Let the filter run for a while to ensure that the water circulates, and the temperature is stable.
  • Add the fish: Lastly, introduce your betta fish to his new home when everything is set up correctly.

Maintaining Guide for Your Betta Fish Plants

Now that you have set up your beautiful betta fish aquarium with live plants, it is essential to maintain it correctly. Betta fish plants require some care to keep them healthy and flourishing. Here are a few tips to help you maintain your betta fish plants effortlessly.

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Frequently You Should Maintain the Plants

Regular upkeep of your aquarium plants is essential. It ensures the health of your fish, and at the same time, it makes your aquarium look beautiful and attractive.

  • Check your plants daily for any damage or diseases.
  • Replace any unhealthy plants immediately.
  • Clean any dead leaves and debris from the plant to keep your water clean.
  • Trim the plants every week or two to maintain their size.
  • Fertilize the plants once a month to give them the necessary nutrients.

Different Maintenance Tasks

  • Regular water changes: Betta fish are sensitive to unclean water, and so are the plants. Regular water changes help maintain the cleanliness of your aquarium and prevent algae growth, which can damage the plants.
  • Proper lighting: Live plants require adequate lighting to grow correctly. Ensure that your aquarium has the right amount of light, either natural or artificial, to support plant growth.
  • Removing algae: Algae growth can harm your plants and make your aquarium look unattractive. Keep the algae growth in check by cleaning the tank regularly and maintaining proper lighting.
  • Avoid overcrowding: Too many plants in the aquarium can hinder plant growth and cause disease. Keep the aquarium populated with the right amount of plants to ensure proper plant growth.

What Types of Betta Fish Plants are Recommended for Different Patterns and Colors of Betta Fish?

Different patterns and colors of betta fish require specific types of betta fish plants to enhance their beauty and overall well-being. For vibrant-colored bettas, plants like red Ludwigia or green Cabomba can provide a striking contrast. For bettas with patterns like crowntail or halfmoon, vincas or java ferns offer an elegant backdrop. Anubias or Amazon swords are great options for bettas with intricate designs. Choosing the right plants can truly bring out the best in your betta fish, creating a captivating underwater habitat.

Benefits of Live Plants for Betta Fish

One way to support your betta fish’s wellbeing is by incorporating live plants into their aquarium. Live plants are a beneficial addition to your betta fish’s aquarium for several reasons:

  • Provide hiding places: Having live plants in their tank gives your betta fish a place to hide and feel safe. This is especially important if they’re feeling stressed or anxious due to environmental changes.
  • Enhance water quality: Plants absorb excess nutrients and waste material from the water, which helps to keep the water clean and clear. This reduces the frequency of water changes, which benefits you and your betta fish.
  • Oxygenate the water: Through photosynthesis, live plants produce oxygen, which helps to aerate the water in your betta fish’s aquarium. This is essential for their respiration, as they need oxygen to survive.
  • Promote natural behaviors: Betta fish are naturally curious and enjoy exploring their environment. Live plants provide a natural and interesting element for them to investigate, stimulating their natural behaviors and keeping them active and healthy.


Selecting suitable plants for your betta fish tank is a crucial aspect of creating a healthy and visually appealing aquatic environment. With the wide variety of easy betta fish plants available, beginners can confidently enhance their betta’s habitat without feeling overwhelmed.

As a beginner, it’s important to choose easy-to-maintain plants that won’t overwhelm or harm your betta. In this complete guide, we’ve covered everything you need to know about choosing, planting, and caring for betta fish plants. From java ferns to anubias, there are plenty of options to consider.

Remember to keep water conditions stable and provide adequate light and nutrients for your plants to thrive. With a little patience and attention, you can create a beautiful and healthy environment for your betta fish to call home.

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