Peacock Cichlid: Care, Types, Tank Mates, And More!

Peacock cichlids require a minimum 55-gallon tank, a ph range of 7. 2-8.

4, and water temperatures between 75-81°f. These colorful fish from lake malawi come in various types and require specific tank mate combinations to thrive. Peacock cichlids are stunningly colored, active fish that are popular among aquarium enthusiasts. These fish are members of the cichlidae family and are native to lake malawi in east africa. One of the things that make peacock cichlids so popular is the array of colors and patterns they can display. They come in various types, including the aulonocara, which is the most popular in the aquarium trade. In this article, we will talk about peacock cichlid care, including the ideal tank size, water parameters, and diet. Besides, we will also discuss the various types of peacock cichlids and the best tank mate combinations for them.


Peacock cichlid fish are popular among aquarium hobbyists because of their vivid colors and attractive appearance. With their stunning hues, these fish add color and beauty to any tank. Peacock cichlids are a type of african cichlid that comes in various types and variations.

In this section, we will discuss the different kinds of peacock cichlid fish and some essential information about their appearance and habitat to help you care for them well.

Explanation Of Different Types Of Peacock Cichlids

Peacock cichlids are known for their brilliant, iridescent colors.

  • Aulonocara baenschi: known as the yellow peacock, it is one of the most vibrant and stunning of its kind. It has striking yellow or orange color on its body that stands out in the aquarium.
  • Aulonocara stuartgranti: this peacock cichlid has a unique blue coloration, making it a fan favorite. It is commonly referred to as the blue neon peacock.
  • Aulonocara maylandi: this type of peacock cichlid is known by the common name sulphurhead peacock. It features a solid orange body with yellow or white spots and a yellow head that earned it its name.
  • Aulonocara hueseri: also known as the red shoulder peacock, this fish is well known for its bright red shoulders and yellow-orange body. Its distinctive coloring has made it one of the most popular of all peacock cichlids.
  • Aulonocara nyassae: this peacock cichlid is also called the peacock cichlid electric blue. It has a vibrant, electric blue color and a unique eye-catching appearance that makes it highly desirable.

Details About Their Appearance, Including Color Variations

Peacock cichlid fish are known for their bright, vibrant colors.

  • Their slender, elongated bodies make them agile swimmers.
  • They have a variety of color variations, including red, orange, blue, yellow, and green.
  • Most of them have stripes and spots on their bodies, which give them a distinctive appearance.

While every type of peacock cichlid has a distinct appearance, they are generally easy to tell apart, thanks to their unique colors and markings.

Habitat Differences Between Peacock Cichlid Types

Peacock cichlid fish are native to lake malawi in east africa. The lake has unique mineral-rich water, which influences their habitat.

  • Peacock cichlids favor waters with alkaline hardness between 7. 5-8. 5 ph.
  • The water temperature should range between 74°f – 80°f.
  • Depending upon the type, peacock cichlids can live in rocky shores, sandy bottoms, or among plants.

It is essential to provide the right habitat for peacock cichlid fish to thrive. Doing so will keep them healthy, happy, and vibrant in their tank.

Peacock cichlids are stunning fish that add an aesthetic appeal to your aquarium. It is essential to understand the different types of peacock cichlid fish and their unique appearances and habitats to care for them properly. With the right type of surroundings and food, peacock cichlid fish will thrive in your aquarium, bringing color and beauty to your home.


Peacock cichlids are among the most magnificent freshwater fish species you can keep in your aquarium. They are known for their stunningly vibrant colors and, as a result, are highly popular among hobbyists. However, caring for these beautiful fish can be quite challenging, and you need to make sure you are equipped with all the needed knowledge before diving in.

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Essential Tank Requirements For Peacock Cichlids

To keep your peacock cichlids thriving, there are a few essential setup requirements you must fulfill:

  • A minimum of 50 gallons tank size is required for a single male and several females. Males tend to be territorial, so it is recommended to keep one male with at least 3-4 females.
  • Peacock cichlids require a rocky aquarium set up. Use rocks to create underwater caves and hiding places.
  • The ph balance of the tank should be between 7. 8 and 8. 6, and the temperature between 76-82°f (24-27°c).
  • They need good water flow and high oxygen levels. Ensure you have a good filter and oxygenation system installed in the tank.

Water Parameters To Maintain A Healthy Peacock Cichlid

Water quality is probably the most critical factor in a peacock cichlid’s care routine, as they are sensitive to poor water conditions.

  • Ph levels should be between 7. 8 and 8.
  • Hardness should be between 10 and 20 dgh
  • Ammonia and nitrite levels must be 0 ppm, and nitrate levels below 20 ppm. Test your water frequently to ensure your tank is within these levels.
  • The water should be changed weekly. A 25% water change is recommended, and use dechlorinated water to replace the old water.

Nutrition Needs And Feeding Schedule

Peacock cichlids are omnivorous and need a balanced diet to maintain their overall health and color.

  • Feed your fish high-quality pellets or flakes two to three times per day, providing enough food within 2-3 minutes.
  • They love brine shrimp, insects, and small crustaceans. Live foods or frozen foods like bloodworms, krill, or shrimp with the shell on can be a great supplement to the diet.
  • Lastly, avoid overfeeding, which can cause health issues like bloating, constipation, or even death.

By providing your peacock cichlids with a proper setup, maintaining regular water changes, and meeting their nutritional requirements, you can provide the best possible environment for their ideal growth. Remember to monitor the above factors regularly, and your peacock cichlid will live a happy, healthy life in your aquarium.

Tank Mates

Peacock cichlid is one of the most beautiful and vibrant freshwater fish, known for its bright and attractive colors. These fish are native to lake malawi in africa and are widely kept as pets in home aquariums. A common question asked by peacock cichlid owners is about the suitable tank mates for these fish.

In this section, we’ll discuss the types of fish that are compatible as tank mates, non-compatible fish species that could harm or stress the fish, and how to maintain a peaceful community tank environment.

Compatible Tank Mates For Peacock Cichlids

Peacock cichlids are suitable for community tanks as they are peaceful and inactive fish. However, sometimes they can show aggression towards other fish in the tank. Therefore, it is important to choose the fish species that are compatible with peacock cichlids.

  • Mbuna cichlids
  • African catfish
  • Swordtail fish
  • Bristlenose or clown plecos
  • Mollies
  • Gouramis
  • Rainbowfishes

Non-Compatible Fish Species That Could Harm Or Stress The Fish

It is crucial to avoid keeping aggressive and predatory fish with peacock cichlids, as they can cause harm and create a stressful environment for them.

  • Oscars
  • Arowanas
  • Jack dempseys
  • Jaguar cichlids
  • Red devil cichlids
  • Piranhas
  • Pacus

Maintenance Of Peaceful Community Tank Environment

Maintaining a peaceful community tank is essential for the overall health and well-being of the fish.

  • Provide ample space for each fish
  • Keep the water ph level between 7. 8-8.
  • Add live plants in the aquarium to provide hiding spaces and natural habitats
  • Avoid overcrowding the tank
  • Keep the water clean and perform regular water changes

Peacock cichlid is a beautiful and peaceful fish that can thrive in a community tank with suitable tank mates. It’s important to choose the compatible fish species and avoid aggressive and predatory fish to create a stress-free environment for the peacock cichlids.

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Regular maintenance of the aquarium, such as maintaining the ph, temperature, cleanliness, and providing hiding spaces, can lead to a peaceful and healthy community tank environment.

Breeding And Reproduction

Breeding And Reproduction Of Peacock Cichlid

If you have peacock cichlids in your aquarium, breeding them can be an exciting and rewarding experience. These fish have unique breeding behaviors that make the process intriguing. Below is an overview of breeding peacock cichlids, including the differences between male and female peacock cichlids, and tips for breeding them in a home aquarium.

Overview Of Peacock Cichlid Breeding

Breeding peacock cichlids is not as complicated as it may seem. It is essential to create an environment that mimics their natural habitat to encourage breeding.

  • Peacock cichlids are monogamous, meaning they pair up with one mate for life.
  • They are egg-layers, and the female lays her eggs on a flat surface, where the male fertilizes them.
  • Both parents are territorial and protective of their eggs and fry.
  • During breeding, males display their colors more prominently to attract and bond with their mates.

Differences Between Male And Female Peacock Cichlids

It is crucial to be able to distinguish between male and female peacock cichlids when breeding them.

  • Males are more colorful than females and have longer fins and a distinct hump on their forehead.
  • Females have a rounder body shape and less vibrant coloration than males.

Tips For Breeding Peacock Cichlids In A Home Aquarium

Breeding peacock cichlids can be challenging in a home aquarium, but it is possible.

  • Provide a breeding tank with a flat surface for the female to lay her eggs. Add some rocks or cave structures for the fish to hide and feel secure.
  • Keep the temperature of the water between 76-82°f and the ph level between 7. 8-8. 6.
  • Make sure the water is clean and well-oxygenated, ideally with a water filtration system.
  • Offer a protein-rich diet, such as brine shrimp or bloodworms, to prepare the fish for breeding.
  • Add some dither fish, such as tetras or barbs, to reduce aggression towards the breeding pair.

Breeding peacock cichlids requires patience and care, but it can be a rewarding experience. Remember to provide the correct environment for them to mate, distinguish between male and female fish, and follow the tips mentioned above. With some dedication and attention to detail, you can successfully breed peacock cichlids in your home aquarium.

Are Peacock Gudgeons Suitable Tank Mates for Peacock Cichlids?

Peacock Gudgeons make excellent tank mates for Peacock Cichlids due to their peaceful nature and similar habitat preferences. With proper peacock gudgeon care and breeding, these colorful fish can coexist harmoniously, providing a visually stunning display in the aquarium. Their compatibility ensures a balanced and captivating aquatic environment.

Frequently Asked Questions On Peacock Cichlid: Care, Types, Tank Mates, And More!

How Big Do Peacock Cichlids Get?

Peacock cichlids can grow up to 6-8 inches in length.


Peacock cichlids are a beautiful and unique fish species that require some specific care to thrive in a home aquarium. Their various types and colors make them a popular choice for fish-keeping enthusiasts. It is important to provide them with a suitable tank size, water conditions, and appropriate tank mates to ensure their well-being.

With proper care, peacock cichlids can live for several years and add a vibrant splash of color to any aquarium. Remember to keep an eye on their behavior and adjust their care as needed. As with any pet, taking the time to understand and cater to their needs will result in a happy and healthy peacock cichlid.

Don’t hesitate to seek advice from experienced fish keepers or professionals if you have any concerns. Invest in your peacock cichlid’s health and happiness, and you will be rewarded with a stunning and enjoyable aquatic companion.

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