Pearl Gourami: Discovering The Best Tankmates, Size, Feeding And Care

The pearl gourami is a peaceful fish that can be kept with other calm species. They can grow up to 4 inches in size and prefer to eat live or frozen foods.

To care for them, provide a planted tank with plenty of hiding places and maintain good water quality. Pearl gourami, also known as trichogaster leeri, is a freshwater fish native to southeast asia and is a popular addition to aquariums in many countries. They are known for their peaceful demeanor and beautiful appearance, with males displaying a bright iridescent blue color and females a silver-gold color. In this article, we will discuss the pearl gourami tankmates, size, feeding, and care. By the end of this guide, you will have a better understanding of how to properly care for these peaceful fish in your aquarium.

A Brief On The Pearl Gourami: Behavior, Habitat, And Physical Characteristics

The pearl gourami is a popular aquarium fish that is known for its stunning colors and peaceful nature. It originates from the calm waters of southeast asia and is a very adaptable fish that can survive in a range of habitats.

In this section of the blog post, we will take a closer look at the pearl gourami, including its behavior, habitat, and physical characteristics.


  • The pearl gourami is a peaceful fish that can be kept in a community tank with other non-aggressive fish.
  • They are known for their shy and docile nature, so it’s best to provide them with plenty of hiding spots in the aquarium.
  • Male pearl gouramis are territorial and can become aggressive towards each other if the tank is too small or overcrowded.
  • They are surface dwellers and will often come to the surface to take in air.


  • The pearl gourami is native to southeast asia, specifically the slow-moving waters of thailand, borneo, and indonesia.
  • They prefer densely planted areas with plenty of hiding spots, such as driftwood and rocks.
  • In the wild, they live in calm, still waters, such as ponds, swamps, and rice paddies.
  • These fish are adaptable and can survive in a range of water conditions, including ph levels between 6. 0 to 8. 0 and water temperatures between 75°f to 82°f.

Physical Characteristics

  • The pearl gourami is a relatively small fish, growing up to 4 inches in length.
  • They have a unique coloration, with a pearl-like sheen that gives them their name. They are typically silver or white in color with a dark underskirt and a bright red-orange belly.
  • Male pearl gouramis have elongated fins and are more brightly colored than the females. The females tend to be rounder in shape and have shorter fins.
  • Pearl gouramis have a labyrinth organ, which allows them to absorb oxygen from the air at the water’s surface.

The pearl gourami is a docile, adaptable aquarium fish that can be kept in a community tank with other non-aggressive fish. They prefer densely planted areas with plenty of hiding spots and can survive in a range of water conditions.

These fish have a unique coloration and feature an elongated fin and a labyrinth organ, which allows them to absorb oxygen from the air at the surface.

Tankmates That Coexist Well With Pearl Gourami

If you’re planning to keep a pearl gourami (trichogaster leeri) in your aquarium, it’s essential to choose tankmates that are compatible with them.


  • Rainbowfish is a colorful fish that is non-aggressive, making them a great tankmate for the pearl gourami.
  • They are peaceful and active fish that look amazing swimming in a group.
  • Rainbowfish also come in a variety of colors, so you can choose the one that complements the color of your pearl gourami.

Harlequin Rasbora

  • Harlequin rasboras are small, peaceful fish that go well with pearl gouramis.
  • They are easy to take care of, making them an ideal choice for beginners.
  • Harlequin rasboras also add color and liveliness to your aquarium.


  • Guppies are another colorful fish that is suitable to live with the pearl gourami.
  • They require minimal care and maintenance.
  • Guppies also come in different colors and sizes, and they are often admired for their lively movements.

Peppered Corydoras

  • Peppered corydoras is a small bottom-dwelling fish that get along well with pearl gouramis.
  • They are easy to care for and can help keep the tank clean by consuming any leftover food and debris.
  • Peppered corydoras are peaceful and do not engage in aggressive behavior.

Keeping the right tankmates is essential for a happy and healthy aquarium. By choosing compatible fish like rainbowfish, harlequin rasboras, guppies, and peppered corydoras, you can create a colorful and peaceful community tank with your pearl gourami without any problems.

Factors To Consider In Tank Size And Water Conditions

Pearl gourami is a beautiful and friendly fish that many people enjoy keeping in their home aquariums. They are peaceful by nature and can live with various species of fish without any significant issues. However, several factors need to be considered to provide the right tank size and water conditions for pearl gouramis to thrive in a home aquarium.

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Aquarium Size

The appropriate tank size for pearl gouramis largely depends on the number of fish you plan on keeping in the aquarium.

  • A minimum of 25 gallons is sufficient to keep a small school of pearl gourami along with other smaller fish species.
  • For larger schools or adding other fish breeds, a larger tank of 50 gallons or more is necessary.
  • Providing more water volume in the aquarium will benefit both the fish and the environment by creating more swimming space and accommodating more hiding spots.

Water Temperature

Pearl gourami’s native habitat is freshwater in southeast asia, and they prefer a steady and consistent temperature range of 75-82°f.

  • Installing a reliable water heater and thermometer to maintain water temperature within the ideal range is necessary.
  • Sudden temperature changes can cause stress and adversely affect the fish’s health, so gradual temperature changes, if needed, are better.

Water Hardness And Ph Levels

Maintaining ideal water hardness and ph levels is essential for pearl gouramis’ overall health and well-being.

  • The ideal water ph range for pearl gouramis is between 6. 0-7. 5, and the hardness range should be between 3-10 dgh (degree of general hardness).
  • Maintaining a stable ph range is crucial, as fluctuations can stress the fish and make them more susceptible to diseases.

Tank Equipment Requirements

Every aquarium needs necessary equipment to ensure the fish inside are healthy and happy.

  • A good-quality water filter is essential for maintaining water quality and keeping ammonia, nitrate, and nitrite levels in check.
  • A suitable air pump and aeration system will enhance water circulation and oxygenation, which will help your fish breathe easier.
  • Decorative elements such as live plants, caves, and rocks will provide hiding spots and create a more natural environment.

To provide healthy and comfortable conditions for pearl gourami in your aquarium, you must maintain adequate tank size, water temperature, hardness, and ph levels. Additionally, providing suitable equipment and creating a natural environment will help your fish thrive in their new home.

Feeding Pearl Gourami: The Right Diet And Feeding Schedule

Pearl gouramis are stunning and popular fish among aquarium enthusiasts. Native to southeast asia, they are favored for their peaceful temperament, mesmerizing appearance, and easy-to-care-for qualities. However, providing adequate nourishment is vital for their health and vitality. Here are some essential points to consider when feeding your pearl gourami.

Dietary Requirements

Pearl gouramis are omnivores, which means they eat both plants and animals. Therefore, providing a diverse and nutritious diet is necessary.

  • High-quality commercial food: pellets and flakes specifically formulated for gouramis provide them with essential vitamins and minerals. Look for food that has a high protein content and is low in fillers and artificial additives.
  • Live food: pearl gouramis enjoy live foods such as bloodworms and brine shrimp, which are readily available in most pet stores. They are an excellent source of protein for the fish, and feeding them live foods can stimulate their natural instincts.
  • Vegetables: gouramis appreciate a variety of vegetables, including peas, spinach, and lettuce. Blanched vegetables or those pureed into a paste can be an excellent treat for them and provide essential nutrients.

It’s always best to provide a variety of food options to ensure they are receiving a balanced diet.

Ideal Feeding Schedule

A feeding schedule is crucial in maintaining a healthy aquarium environment. Overfeeding can cause algae growth, a buildup of waste, and ultimately, poor water conditions. Underfeeding can lead to malnourishment and health problems.

  • Feed your gouramis 2-3 times per day.
  • Feed them as much as they can consume within 2-3 minutes.
  • Avoid feeding them large amounts of food at once; distribute it throughout the day.

Commercial Vs. Homemade Food

Feeding commercial food is convenient, easy-to-use, and provides a balanced diet for pearl gouramis. However, homemade food can be an excellent alternative for those who prefer a diy approach to their pets’ nutrition.

  • You know precisely what ingredients are in the food.
  • You can adjust the food’s nutrient composition to suit your fish’s needs.
  • It is cost-effective in the long run.

Making homemade food for your pearl gouramis requires research, effort, and time. Consult with a veterinarian or specialist before switching to homemade food to ensure that your fish’s nutritional needs are being met.

Providing a balanced and diverse diet for pearl gouramis is vital for their health, color, and overall happiness. Feeding them high-quality commercial food, live food, and vegetables according to a regular schedule can ensure their dietary needs are met. Consider homemade food as an alternative and make sure to consult with an expert before making any changes to their dietary regime.

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Caring For Pearl Gourami: Maintenance Chores And Diseases

Pearl gourami is an excellent addition to any aquarium, they are known for their beautiful, sparkling pearl-like scales and peaceful nature. They are a perfect choice for beginner fish keepers who love to marvel at the beauty of their aquatic pets.

Caring for pearl gouramis is not a complicated task. However, it requires some basic maintenance chores and attentive monitoring to ensure a healthy and prolonged life.

Cleaning The Tank

Regular aquarium maintenance is essential for maintaining a healthy home for your pearl gourami, here are some tips to make it easier:

  • Conduct regular cleaning of the tank, scrubbing off algae growth and removing debris from the bottom.
  • Change 20-30% of the water every two weeks, depending on the number of fish in the tank.
  • Clean the filter every month or whenever some signs of clogging appear.
  • Avoid cleaning materials that contain harsh chemicals to prevent harming your fish.

Monitoring Water Parameters

Water quality is a crucial aspect of keeping your pearl gourami happy and healthy.

  • Ph: should range between 6. 5 to 7.
  • Water temperature: should be between 76-82°f
  • Ammonia/nitrites: should always read at 0 ppm
  • Nitrates: keep nitrates to around 20 ppm

Identifying And Treating Common Diseases

Pearl gouramis are generally hardy fish and are less prone to disease.

  • Ich: the symptoms include white spots, erratic swimming, and scratching against aquarium decorations. Treatment involves using medications that prevent parasites from reproducing.
  • Fin rot: symptoms include disintegrating fins, a reddish tinge, and white edges, which can be treated using medication, discarding contaminated water, and frequent changing of water.
  • Dropsy: signs include bloating and raised scales. Unfortunately, there is no cure for dropsy, and infected fish must be isolated and humanely euthanized to protect the other fish.

It is important to take prompt action if you notice any signs of illness in your aquarium. Quarantine infected fish and treat them to help prevent the spread of the disease.

Caring for pearl gouramis is an enjoyable and straightforward process that requires a little effort and attention. By following these simple maintenance chores and monitoring tips, you can keep your gourami happy and healthy for years to come.

Frequently Asked Questions For Pearl Gourami : Tankmates, Size, Feeding And Care

What Are Some Good Tankmates For Pearl Gouramis?

Great tankmates for pearl gouramis include peaceful community fish like tetras, rasboras, and corydoras. Avoid aggressive or fin-nipping species. Provide plenty of hiding spots and plants to help reduce aggression.

How Big Do Pearl Gouramis Typically Grow And What Size Aquarium Do They Need?

Pearl gouramis can grow up to 4 inches and need a minimum tank size of 20 gallons. They require adequate space and hiding spots, as well as a well-filtered and planted aquarium to thrive.

What Type Of Food Should I Feed My Pearl Gouramis And How Often Should I Feed Them?

Feed your pearl gouramis flakes or pellets designed specifically for them, once or twice a day. Ensure to only offer an amount they can consume in 2-3 minutes to avoid overfeeding. Additionally, include some live or frozen foods in their diet occasionally for variety and nutrition.

How Do I Care For Pearl Gouramis And Maintain A Healthy Aquarium Environment For Them?

To care for pearl gouramis and ensure a healthy aquarium environment, maintain the water temperature between 76-82°f, ph level between 6. 0-7. 5, and hardness between 5-12 dgh. Provide live or frozen food, ensure plenty of hiding spots, and clean the tank regularly.

Be sure not to overcrowd the tank and avoid aggressive tank mates.

Can Pearl Gouramis Be Kept With Other Types Of Gouramis In The Same Aquarium?

Yes, pearl gouramis can be kept with other types of gouramis in the same aquarium, but they should not be kept with aggressive or larger fish. It’s important to ensure that each species has enough space and hiding places to avoid conflicts.


The pearl gourami is a delightful addition to any aquarium with its vibrant coloration and peaceful personality. As we have discovered in this article, they are compatible with a range of tankmates and thrive in a well-maintained environment. Ensuring they have appropriate feeding and care will help to maintain their health and happiness in your aquarium.

Remember to provide plenty of hiding spaces and keep an eye out for any potential health issues. Overall, the pearl gourami is a great choice for both beginner and experienced aquarists who are looking to add a unique and beautiful fish to their collection.

With appropriate attention, they will reward you with stunning displays and peaceful coexistence with other aquatic inhabitants. Don’t hesitate to add them to your tank, and we’re sure you won’t regret it!

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