Types Of Betta Fish: A Guide On Patterns, Color And More

Betta fish are a popular choice for pet fish lovers, thanks to the variety of colors and patterns they come in. These fish are classified into different types based on their fins and color patterns.

Various types of betta fish are available, classified based on color, patterns, and fin shapes. From the common veiltail to the unusual crowntail, there are over 75 different types of betta fish.

This article will explore betta fish types based on color, pattern, and fin shape. We will also provide tips on caring for a betta fish and what to look for when buying one.

Different Types of Betta Fish

Betta fish come in various types with unique patterns and colors, which makes them one of the most exciting species of fish to own. Here are some of the most popular types of Betta fish:

Solid-Colored Bettas

Solid-colored bettas, as the name implies, have just one solid color throughout their entire body. These types of betta fish are some of the most common and widely available.

  • Red
  • Blue
  • Green
  • Yellow

Bi-Colored Bettas

Bi-colored bettas have two distinct colors that are usually divided down the middle of their body. The two colors on these types of bettas can either be complimentary or contrasting shades, resulting in a beautiful and eye-catching fish.

  • Red and blue
  • Black and white
  • Green and blue

Multicolored Bettas

Multicolored bettas are those fish with three or more colors on their bodies. These bettas can be said to be the most visually appealing of all types. Their mottled patterns and smooth gradients of bright colors give these fish a unique and distinct look.

  • Blue, red, and white
  • Red, blue and green
  • Black, white, and red

Marble Bettas

Marble bettas are unique and have a very distinct pattern on their body. Their skin has a marbled and granular texture with broad strokes of colors over it. These fish can display any combination of colors, giving them a distinctive and interesting appearance.

  • Black and white
  • Blue and yellow
  • Red and white

Butterfly Bettas

Butterfly bettas have elegant butterfly-like patterns on their fins. Their bodies are usually one solid color, while their fins have a spectrum of colors that fade out gradually into a single color at the fin’s ends.

  • Red and white
  • Blue and black
  • Yellow and blue

Dragon Scale Bettas

Dragon scales are usually small hexagonal scales that cover the bodies of dragon scale bettas. These scales reflect light, producing a stunning metallic effect.

  • Gold
  • Silver
  • Blue

Crowntail Bettas

Crowntail bettas have fins that resemble a crown, which makes them one of the most visually appealing types of betta fish. Their fins consist of long, pointed spines with webbing between them, creating a crown-like shape.

  • Red
  • Blue
  • Green

Double-Tail Bettas

Unlike ordinary betta fish, double-tail bettas have two tails that spring from the base of their body, making them look like they have two fins.

  • Red
  • Blue
  • Green

Veil-Tail Bettas

Veil-tail bettas have long, flowing finnage, and their tails are typically longer than their body.

  • Red
  • Blue
  • Green

Half-Moon Bettas

Half-half bettas have a different color split evenly on their body and fins. This distribution of colors creates an exotic look that truly stands out.

  • Red and blue
  • Yellow and green
  • Blue and black
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Metallic Bettas

Metallic bettas have a unique, shiny metallic sheen that makes them stand out from other types of bettas. The metallic appearance is caused by the special scales covering the fish’s body that refract light.

  • Gold
  • Copper
  • Silver

Koi Bettas

Koi bettas have a similar look to koi fish, with the exception that they are much smaller. They have a dominant, solid color that appears to be smudged with patches of other colors.

  • Red and white
  • Blue and black
  • Yellow and black

Understanding Betta Fish

Understanding betta fish is essential to their proper care. Follow this guide to discover the natural habitat of betta fish, the ideal conditions for betta fish, and how to care for them correctly.

Natural Habitat of Betta Fish

Betta fish are native to southeast Asia, primarily Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. They live in shallow, slow-moving water streams, paddy fields, and shallow pools. The water is warm and slow-moving in their natural habitat, with lots of plants and hiding places.

Ideal Conditions for Betta Fish

Betta fish thrive in water between 76 – 82°f (24 – 28°c). The water should be slightly acidic with a pH value between 7.0 – 8.5. Maintaining a clean tank with a filter and changing the water regularly is crucial.

Betta fish require space to swim, so a tank size of at least 5 gallons is ideal. Decorations that offer hiding places with live or plastic plants are also necessary.

How to Properly Care for Betta Fish

Proper care is essential to ensure the health and well-being of Betta fish. Here are some guidelines to help you care for your Betta fish:

Tank Size

Provide a tank of at least 5 gallons (19 liters). A larger tank offers more swimming space and improves water quality. Avoid keeping Bettas in small bowls or containers as they need space to thrive.

Water Quality

Maintain good water quality by performing regular water changes. Change approximately 25% of the water weekly to remove accumulated waste and toxins. Use a water conditioner to neutralize chlorine and chloramine in tap water before adding it to the tank.

Water Temperature

Bettas are tropical fish and require a water temperature between 78°F to 80°F (25°C to 27°C). Use a reliable aquarium heater to maintain a stable temperature within this range.


Use a gentle filter in the tank to provide water circulation and filtration. Bettas prefer calm waters, so choose a filter with the adjustable flow or add a baffle to reduce water movement.

Tank Decoration

Provide hiding spots and enrichment in the tank. Use live or silk plants, caves, and ornaments to create places for your Betta fish to explore, rest, and feel secure.


Offer a balanced diet to your Betta fish. Feed them high-quality Betta pellets as a staple food. Supplement their diet with occasional treats like frozen or live foods such as brine shrimp or bloodworms. Feed them small portions 2-3 times a day, only giving them what they can consume in a few minutes to avoid overfeeding.

Avoid Overstocking

Bettas are solitary fish and prefer to live alone. Avoid keeping multiple Bettas in the same tank, as they can be aggressive toward each other. If you want to keep other fish with your Betta, you can research compatible tank mates that won’t nip at the Betta’s fins and ensure the tank is large enough to accommodate all the inhabitants.

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Regular Maintenance

Clean the tank and equipment regularly. Remove any uneaten food, waste, or debris from the tank to maintain water quality. Rinse the filter media occasionally to prevent clogging.

Observation and Care

Monitor your Betta fish regularly for any signs of illness, stress, or abnormal behavior. Look for changes in appetite, color, fin condition, or unusual swimming patterns. Address any issues promptly by providing appropriate care or consulting a veterinarian experienced in fish health if needed.

How Can I Identify the Different Types of Betta Fish Based on Their Patterns and Colors?

When it comes to identifying the various types of betta fish based on their patterns and colors, it’s important to observe their unique characteristics. From vibrant hues to intricate patterns, betta fish showcase a wide range of variations. By familiarizing yourself with the betta fish egg stages and care, you can also gain insights into their genetic makeup, which plays a role in determining their appearance.

Breeding Guide for Betta Fish

One of the most exciting aspects of owning betta fish is breeding them. Breeding betta fish can be a challenging but rewarding experience. This section will cover the critical points on how to produce betta fish.

Choosing The Best Breeding Pairs

Breeding betta fish requires careful consideration of the breeding pairs.

  • Healthy fish with no signs of genetic or physical abnormalities
  • Vibrant and contrasting colors
  • Similar size and shape

Prioritizing these criteria will increase the likelihood of successful breeding.

Setting Up Breeding Tanks

Creating a conducive breeding environment is crucial to the success of the breeding process.

  • Tank size: 5-10 gallons tank is ideal for breeding betta fish.
  • Condition of the water: the breeding tank water has to be clean, and the recommended pH level is between 6. 5-7. 0.
  • Temperature: betta fish thrive in a temperature range of 75-85°f.

Raising Betta Fish Fry

After successful breeding, the betta fish fry are relatively easy to raise.

  • Optimal feeding: feeding the fry four to five times a day with protein-rich food such as micro worms, baby brine shrimp, and egg yolk is ideal.
  • Tank maintenance: keeping the tanks clean by removing uneaten food and waste frequently is essential for the fry’s survival.
  • Separating and growing: separating the betta fish fry from the adult betta fish and putting them in their own tanks increases their likelihood of survival and growth.

By applying these methods, responsible breeders can ensure a successful breeding process from start to finish.


In the vibrant world of betta fish, plenty of fascinating patterns and colors exist. Whether you’re a passionate hobbyist or a newcomer to the fish-keeping scene, this guide provides a comprehensive overview of the various types of betta fish out there.

From halfmoon betta to crowntail betta and everything in between, there’s no shortage of stunning betta fish to marvel at. Consider factors like tank size, water temperature, and diet when choosing your ideal betta fish. With this knowledge, you’ll be well-equipped to care for your betta fish and create a thriving aquatic environment for them to call home.

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